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ARD: Wird Serbien Europas größtes Flüchtlingscamp?

Ungarische Polizisten haben mir die Hände gebrochen und meine Freunde und mich verprügelt“,  erzählt der 19- jährige Ahmad in gebrochenem Englisch. Und dann zeigt er seine Handgelenke. Die Knochen sehen deformiert aus. Ahmed ist in Pakistan geboren. Aus der Region Punjab hat er es bis an die ungarisch–serbische Grenze geschafft. Damit er überhaupt nach Europa gebracht wird, musste er einem Schlepper 10.000 Euro zahlen. Doch jetzt ist vorerst Endstation. An der ungarischen Grenze ist er stecken geblieben. Seit etwa fünf Monaten wohnt er  in einem Zelt am Stadtrand der serbischen Stadt Subotica, der ersten größeren Stadt hinter der ungarischen Grenze. „Ich bin schon zehnmal über den Zaun, hatte es nach Ungarn geschafft“, berichtet er. Dann haben die Polizisten mich und andere Flüchtlinge erwischt und zurückgeschickt. Und jedes Mal haben sie uns geschlagen“, berichtet der hochgewachsene, schlanke Mann. „Frauen und Kinder auch“. „Ich will in Europa ein gutes Leben haben“, beschreibt Ahmed den Grund seiner Flucht aus Pakistan. „Arbeiten. Egal wo. Österreich, Deutschland oder Italien“, sagt er. Nach Pakistan will er nicht mehr zurück. „Ich habe dort keine Zukunft“.

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A migrant from Pakistan passed away after being attacked near the highway Skopje-Kumanovo

I.A.S from Pakistan passed away, who illegally entered Macedonia, and was attacked on 16.2.2017, on the highway Skopje – Kumanovo (near the Bunarxhik village), transmits Anadolu Agency (AA). The information was confirmed from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republic of Macedonia, announcing that a person out of two passed away from attacks on 16.2.2017. “Regarding the “robbery” incident on 25.2.2017, a doctor in the department of neurosurgery at the Clinic Center – Skopje, announced that the attacked I.A.S. passed away”, MIA announced.

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AIDA Country Report: Serbia

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Overview of the main changes since the first report. The first report was last published in March 2016:

  • Asylum  reform: The  adoption  of  the  new  Asylum  Act,  initially  foreseen  for  2016,  has  been postponed. The draft of the new Asylum Act has been shared with civil society representatives for comments, and was also received positively by the European Commission. The new law will introduce both accelerated and border procedures. Bearing in mind that the Asylum Office is understaffed even in light of the single existing procedure, it is reasonable to assume that additional personnel will be required to implement the additional proceedings. It is otherwise difficult to envision adequate implementation of the new law in reality.

Asylum procedure

  • Access to the territory: In July 2016, the Serbian Government adopted a decision to form mixed patrols of the army and police to strengthen the border with FYROM and Bulgaria. The Ministry of Defence reported in December 2016 that more than 18,000 migrants had been prevented from illegally  crossing  the  border  from  Bulgaria. Between  September  and  December  2016,  the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights received 13 complaints concerning collective expulsions or push-backs to FYROM that involved approximately 750 persons. Those removed included people who had predominantly been residing in the reception centre in Preševo, as well as persons who had been intercepted by patrols of the police or army at the border, or mixed patrols deeper within the territory of Serbia.

Reception conditions

  • Accommodation:  By the end of 2016, more than 7,000 people were residing in Serbia, the vast majority of whom (around 82%) were accommodated in camps along the border where they were waiting for their turn to be admitted into Hungary. The remainder stayed in the streets of Belgrade and border areas with Hungary.

  • The Ministry of Interior opened additional temporary reception centres to respond to the increase in refugees and migrants.

Content of protection

  • Integration  assistance: In December 2016, a Decree on the Manner of Involving Persons Recognized  as Refugees in Social, Cultural and Economic Life (“Integration  Decree”)  was enacted and entered into force in January 2017. The Decree foresees assistance various areas crucial to integration such as access to the labour market and education, including assistance in recognition of qualification and language courses. The Decree only refers to recognised refugees and does not explicitly cover subsidiary protection beneficiaries. However, due to its entry into force in January 2017, it remains to be seen how it will be implemented in practice.